North American Wines
Whilst wine, of one sort or another, is produced in all of the states of the United States, it is California that is the dominant force. Most of its wine is produced in the dramatically fertile Central Valley and it is from here that the major brands source their wines. However, the best wines come vineyards closer to the Pacific Ocean, where the morning fogs bring much needed moisture and lower temperatures. The Napa Valley and Sonoma County, both to the north of San Francisco are the best-known regions, but in their turn are subdivided into a host individual areas with their soils and microclimates. In Sonoma we find the Russian River and Alexander Valleys and Napa, Stag’s Leap, Rutherford and Spring Mountain. Carneros, close to San Francisco Bay, where much Chardonnay is grown, is shared by the two regions. To the east of the Bay is the Livermore Valley and the vineyards continue along the coast as far as the border with Mexico.